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MySQL 常用操作 - 命令行

命令行常用操作,备忘

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#开启远程登录
grant all privileges on *.* to 'user'@'%' identified by 'passwd' with grant option;
#创建数据库
create database DB;
#创建用户
insert into mysql.user(Host,User,Password) values("localhost","user",password("passwd"));
#删除用户
DELETE FROM user WHERE user="username" and HOST="localhost";
#修改指定用户密码
update mysql.user set password=password('new passwd') where user="username" and host="localhost";
#用户授权
grant all privileges on DB.* to 'user'@'localhost' identified by 'passwd';
grant select,update on DB.* to 'user'@'localhost' identified by 'passwd';
#刷新权限
flush privileges;
#数据库导出
mysqldump -uUSRENAME -pPASSWD DATABASE > DATABASE.sql
#数据库导出(只导出表结构 -d)
mysqldump -uUSRENAME -pPASSWD -d DATABASE > DATABASE.sql
#数据库导入
#1.切换数据库
use DATABASE;
#2.设置编码
set names utf8;
#3.执行导入操作
source /home/abc/abc.sql;
#直接导入
mysql -uUSERNAME -p DATABASE < DATABASE.sql